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How to SOLDER BOOKLET

HOW TO SOLDER

COPPER , BRASS, NICKEL, SILVER & GOLD

Downloadable & Printable Booklet

Easily Solder wire & sheet metal:

written by the Whimsie Studio Craftsmen
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   Updated June 19 2014
 

"HOW TO SOLDER"

COPPER , BRASS, NICKEL, SILVER & GOLD

 
 
This booklet makes soldering easy for everyone!
 
Our instructional 19 page color booklet on the basics & more of how to solder copper, brass, & bronze.
 
 
Quickly learn how to solder wire or sheet metal:
 
It takes you from tools & supplies needed, charts of metals, cleaning, flux, safety, to soldering with a demonstration exercise that you can do.
 
 
 
A unique,practical and inexpensive approach using the least amount of readily available equipment and supplies . It includes quick jigging.
 
A large format 8 1/2 x 11 inch- 19 Pages with plenty of color photos for every step, with several practice exercises.
 
This is our most requested craft information. Written from over 25 years of experience by Larry Henke & Ron Bodoh
 
This should not be ordered with other items- it must be ordered separately to be downloadable.
 
Downloadable booklet: $9
 
Please Note:This booklet must be ordered in a separate shopping cart for the download to work.
 
After ordering this booklet separately you will be directed to return to our web site for a page
to download in pdf format & print a copy for yourself.
Please wait for page for download page to appear after payment.
 
 
This booklet is unavailable in pre-printed form

 
Soldering- a introduction
 
What is soldering?...
Soldering; very simply put is 'gluing' two pieces of metal together by applying heat and melting a third metal or alloy into the joint. This third metal or 'solder' must melt at a lower temperature than the metal being soldered and be able to adhere to the surfaces being joined.
Not all metals can be soldered easily. Copper, Brass, Bronze, Nickel and Tin are all metals that can be soldered at soldering iron and propane torch temperatures (400-800f) and use solders and fluxes that are readily available. Aluminum and stainless steel do not solder easily.
 
Solder is an alloy or mixture of metals that melts at a lower temperature than the metal being soldered.
Flux is an acidic or caustic powder, paste or solder core that cleans the joint and lubricates the flow of the solder when the heat is applied.
 
A bit of caution here- The fumes produced when soldering are toxic and flux is caustic. Adequate ventilation as well as eye and skin protection are required. Care must be taken to protect your surrounds from the heat, splatter and open flame involved with soldering.
Heat is required to cause the flux and solder to melt and flow into the joint. Heat can be applied using a soldering iron or torch.
 
Soldering irons and come in a wide range of wattage.
A propane plumbing torch is a good source of heat for most craft and art soldering projects.

Copper crab made by the authors

 
The first step in any successful solder joint is to clean the surfaces to be soldered.
Next, apply the flux along the joint using a brush or scrap of wire.
Practice and experimentation will yield increasingly better results. If you have trouble, remember the basics: the joint must be clean, flux aids the flow of the solder into the joint and adequate heat must be used for the thickness of the solder and size of project.
 
 
For a very comprehensive explanation of soldering-
Order our booklet on SOLDERING:
A complete guide with tutorials,
19 pages with color photos to Download & Print:
more about this booklet
 
 
 
HAND SOLDERED COPPER & BRASS CREATIONS
MADE BY THE AUTHORS
 
(c) Copyright 2009 the Whimsie Studio. Larry Henke & Ronald Bodoh

The entire contents of this site and photographs shown herein are original and copyright protected.
(c) Copyright 2009 all rights reserved -the Whimsie Studio. Larry Henke & Ronald Bodoh
 
These articles and writings are for our customers personal use only. They may not be copied or published in whole or part, in any form electronically or in print without express written permission of the authors Larry Henke & Ronald Bodoh

 

Gauge Thickness chart & Information
 
 
Gauge Is thickness. The higher the gauge number the thinner the metal.
 
The chart below shows approximate gauge thickness for metal to give a relative idea of different gauges. It is in American Standard Gauge of Average wire gauge thickness.
 
 Gauge -Thickness  Dimension inches thick  Dimension millimeters thick

  NOTES

 2

 

.258 inch or
slightly over 1/4 inch thick

  6.54 mm
  VERY HEAVY THICK WIRE .For large sculptures & armatures- cuts best with a bolt cutter or saw.

 4

 
.204 inch

 5.189 mm
 THICK WIRE .For large sculptures & armatures- cuts best with a bolt cutter or saw.

 6

 

 .162 inch

 4.1mm
 THICK WIRE .For large sculptures & armatures- cuts best with a bolt cutter or saw.

 8

  .128 a little over 1/8 inch

3.26 mm
 

 9

   .114 inch

   2.91 mm
 

  10

 

.102 inch

  2.6 mm
 

  12

 
.081 inch 50

 2 mm thick
 About as thick as a standard wire coat hanger

 14

 

 .064 inch

a bit thicker than 1/16 inch
1.6 mm
 This and thicker is Considered PLATE METAL in sheet metal. as in "copper plate"

  16

 .051 inch

 1.30 mm
 

  18

 .04 inch

 1 mm
 A bit thicker than a standard paper clip in wire. Heavy PLATE METAL in sheet metal. as in "copper plate"

  20

.032 inch

.80mm
About the thickness of a standard paper clip.

  22

 . 025

 .65mm
 

  23

Photo shows Approximate thickness: 23 gauge

  .023 or 23 Mil

  .576 mm

 

Standard heavy weight Sheet metal for larger craft work, roofing and range hoods etc. In copper sheet it is 1 pound per square foot approximately.

For sheet metal it cuts with a tin snips or saw

  24

  .020 or 20 Mil

 .5 mm -half a millimeter

Heavy weight Sheet metal.

For sheet metal it cuts with a tin snips or saw

A medium fine wire for craft.

  26

  .016

 .40 mm
 

  30

 .010 also known as 10 mil
as it is 10/1000
inch thick

  .25 mm 1/4 mm
 Medium weight sheet - cuts with a scissors. twice as thick as 36 gauge below, But a very thin wire- not very strong

  36

 .005 also known as 5 mil
as it is 5/1000 inch thick

  .125 mm 1/8 mm

 Heavy FOIL: Standard Embossing & tooling & foil. Cuts with a scissors.

7 times thicker than household aluminum foil.

  38

  .004 approximately

  .101 mm

  Medium weight foil slightly lighter than above

Extremely thin wire

   45-50

 .0014

.0007
    thin foil- Household"tin" Aluminum foil- called
very thin foil -
standard aluminum kitchen foil "tin foil"
 
The Gauge thickness lines may not appear correctly on some computer screens due to different screen resolutions and page size settings.
 
Adjust your screen or estimate If this does not appear as one inch.
 
 
Or see the inch dimensions in the chart above on this page and compare with a ruler.
 
 
 
 
 
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How to SOLDER BOOKLET

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The full content of this site writings, photos and creations are original and copyright protected.
(c) Copyright 2010 -All Rights Reserved the Whimsie Studio.
 
 
 
 

 

This site is copyright protected for content, design, and photographs.
(c) Copyright 2006 -the Whimsie Studio. Larry Henke & Ronald Bodoh